Periodontal disease is a term that refers to any infections or diseases that affect the gums in your mouth. Insufficient brushing or flossing causes a build-up of plaque between the gums and teeth which, over time, leads to inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, this inflammation can cause the gums and surrounding bone structures to deteriorate. The obvious consequence of this is recession of the gums and loss of teeth, as well as an increased risk of developing diabetes and heart disease. This blog post contains additional information about periodontal disease, including the preventative measures that can be taken to improve oral health.
The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis. This refers to inflammation of the gums caused by plaque and tartar on the teeth that has accumulated over a prolonged period of time. Obvious signs of inflammation include redness, swelling and bleeding. Regular brushing and flossing can help reverse the inflammation which, if treated, does not cause deterioration of bones and tissues.
The advanced stage of periodontal disease is Periodontitis. This is when the bacteria begin to destroy bones and tissues. As the body’s natural immune system retaliates to fight the bacteria, the connective tissues that hold teeth in place can begin to break down. A failure to receive proper treatment can cause the teeth to become loose, necessitating their removal.
There are numerous symptoms that indicate you may be suffering from periodontal disease. These range from persistent bad breath and red or swollen gums through to sensitive teeth, loose teeth, painful chewing, and receding gums. If you’re displaying one or more of these symptoms, it’s highly recommended that you schedule an appointment with a dental professional.
Preventative measures you can take to significantly reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease include daily habits such as brushing and flossing to remove food particles, using a mouthwash to reduce plaque, and cutting out habits that increase your risk (i.e. smoking).
If you suspect you’re suffering from periodontal disease, contact East Bentleigh Dental Group today for advice and assistance. Give us a call on (03) 9575 1100 for general enquiries or 0423 046 418 for emergencies. You can also make a booking using our simple online booking form.